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CA Hospital Adds CPOE To VistA Implementation

It’s still rare these days to see a private hospital roll out open source EMR VistA, despite VistA’s excellent reputation. But one such hospital has not only implemented VistA, it’s added CPOE to its VistA rollout.

The facility in question is Oroville (CA) Hospital, which spent three years self-implementing the VA platform. Oroville has spent seven years developing a paper-based order set system, and has now converted its order sets from paper to electronic.

For a year the medical staff at Oroville had been using paper order sets and the VistA EMR, but that arrangement was getting old, so the transition was a happy one, according to Dr. Matthew Fine, the hospital’s chief medical officer, who’s quoted in a press statement.

“After a whole year of using paper and electronic charts the staff was chomping at the bit to go live and the anticipation outweighed the fear… so turning on CPOE was almost a welcomed event. The inadvertent strategy of having hybrid charts seems to have been a good way to make full conversion to EHR/CPOE more palatable,” Dr. Fine said.

To make the CPOE transition, the Oroville staff created a mechanism for systematically converting order sets to an electronic format, the press release notes. Each order set, once transformed, was reviewed by a relevant group of physicians along with 20-odd additional staff including department/section heads, nurses, pharmacists, nutritionists, lab staff and anyone else who might be carrying out the orders in the order sets.

Since go-live in October of last year, electronic order volume has mounted, and now 80 percent of orders are electronic. The hospital’s goal is for 100 percent of orders to be electronic, but it has hit a stumbling block in that it has been unable to adapt VistA’s original CP Flowsheet module.

For that reason, Oroville will have to create its own CPOE solution for several areas of the hospital, including outpatient surgery and the PACU.

July 1, 2013 I Written By

Anne Zieger is veteran healthcare consultant and analyst with 20 years of industry experience. Zieger formerly served as editor-in-chief of FierceHealthcare.com and her commentaries have appeared in dozens of international business publications, including Forbes, Business Week and Information Week. She has also contributed content to hundreds of healthcare and health IT organizations, including several Fortune 500 companies.

New Hospital Rockets To Top Of HIMSS EMR Adoption Scale

Here’s a story of what can happen when a hospital starts out from scratch with the latest in EMR knowledge, rather than having to integrate its system bit by bit.

Texas Health Alliance, a 50-bed acute-care hospital based in north Fort Worth, has been named as achieving the rarely-seen Stage 7 in HIMSS Analytics EMR Adoption Model. At present, only 103 U.S. hospitals, or 1.9 percent, are currently at Stage 7.

Some of the outstanding features of the rollout include:

* Over 95 percent utilization of CPOE (driven predominately by well-designed order set content, HIMSS says)
* Advanced clinical decision support alerts that support best practice protocols
* Smart use of an enterprise data warehouse used to monitor best practice alerts and core measures
* Closed-loop medication administration environment

This award is interesting given that small hospitals have been well behind the curve in Meaningful Use and meeting the HIMSS standards.  But there’s some obvious reasons why it’s been so successful.

For one thing, THA has been open only since September. I’ll bet many readers would kill for the clean slate that offers the IT people there. No need for expensive integration projects to bring the new EMR on board; no having to switch staffers from one technology to another; no major transition from paper to digital; and the list of benefits goes on.

Another major factor working in its favor is that THA is part of nonprofit hospital system Texas Health Resources.

A tiny hospital backed by a sizeable IDN is in a different position entirely than an independent critical access hospital, so it’s not exactly astonishing that it zoomed ahead. And when the parent chain already has its own (Epic) install well under way — and an engaged community of users — that knowledge goes a long way.

Too bad most hospitals can’t start out fresh the way THA did. Innovation always comes easier if it isn’t competing with the stuff you’ve already got.

December 26, 2012 I Written By

Anne Zieger is veteran healthcare consultant and analyst with 20 years of industry experience. Zieger formerly served as editor-in-chief of FierceHealthcare.com and her commentaries have appeared in dozens of international business publications, including Forbes, Business Week and Information Week. She has also contributed content to hundreds of healthcare and health IT organizations, including several Fortune 500 companies.

CPOE, Clinical Decision Support Help Order Set Usability

CPOE is coming into its own as a technology, after lagging far behind in adoption for many years. And new evidence suggests that this may be a good thing. A new study has concluded that when paired with clinical decision support, CPOE improves order set usability, decreases providers’ mental workload and increases clinical guideline adherence, CMIO reports.

The study, which was published in the September issue of Pediatrics, compares how a group of surgeons at Seattle Children’s Hospital fared using order sets developed on an ad-hoc basis versus sets developed systematically using software design methods.

Researchers Jeffrey Avansino, MD and Michael G. Leu, both of Seattle Children’s, had seven surgeons complete two order sets, one developed on an ad-hoc basis and one developed systematically.  The surgeons were working with two clinical scenarios, one in which they were treating a child with perforated appendicitis and the other with a nonperforated appendicitis.

When reviewing the order sets, all of the surgeons preferred the systematically developed order sets, saying that they were more usable and easier to think through. As it turned out, systematically developed sets were also more likely to adhere to clinical guidelines.

All that being said, the authors did express some concern that systems like these might limit resident training, as the sets don’t necessarily explain why a particular decision is being suggested. “We are concerned about the potential of these systems to limit resident training, creating an environment for ‘cookbook medicine’ resulting from prechecked orders,” Avansino and Leu wrote, according to the CMIO piece.

Unfortunately, that’s the kind of tradeoff we’re going to be struggling with often as we further leverage clinical decision support and CPOE. You can’t streamline ordering to a high degree without losing some of the educational aspects of independent decision making — there’s no getting around it. Decision-making is messy and idiosyncratic.  We’ll just have to see if carefully-developed order sets are beneficial enough to risk the “cookbook” problem.

August 27, 2012 I Written By

Anne Zieger is veteran healthcare consultant and analyst with 20 years of industry experience. Zieger formerly served as editor-in-chief of FierceHealthcare.com and her commentaries have appeared in dozens of international business publications, including Forbes, Business Week and Information Week. She has also contributed content to hundreds of healthcare and health IT organizations, including several Fortune 500 companies.

Medicare’s New Requirement for Evidence-based Order Sets

The following is a guest post by Sean Benson. Sean Benson is co-founder of ProVation Medical and Vice President of Innovation at Wolters Kluwer Health.

In-house creation and maintenance of order sets by hospital staff just got a bit more challenging.

Without much fanfare, a small but significant change to Medicare’s Conditions of Participation (CoP) for hospitals went into effect in mid-July.  The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) has decreed that Medicare-participating hospitals that use order sets, pre-printed or electronic standing orders and protocols for patient orders must ensure that they are consistent with nationally recognized and evidence-based guidelines and recommendations.

To be clear, this new CoP rule does not prohibit an individual hospital from developing its own pre-printed and electronic order sets. It does define the criteria for doing so, however.  CMS expects a hospital to look to nationally recognized guidelines, which should always be evidence-based, and to its own experiences and in-house studies and data.  CMS wants hospitals to avoid using anecdotal evidence, theories that have not been proven effective, or the old fallback of ‘that’s the way we’ve always done it’ as a basis for establishing its orders and protocols.

In-house creation of order sets has always presented challenges for hospitals.  Significant staff time must be devoted to drafting individual order sets, which can number in the hundreds at some institutions.  Subsequent review and consensus-building by the appropriate clinicians can also prove burdensome and difficult.  And then there is the need to periodically check and update existing order sets to make sure they reflect best practices.

Now CMS has added the requirement that order sets be based on the latest evidence and guidelines. The sheer volume of new medical evidence scattered across hundreds of sources that must be evaluated when creating an order set – an estimated 2 million scientific articles are published each year – means compliance will be a significant drain on internal resources. It also means that flow of evidence must be continuously monitored to determine when it necessitates a change in practice and, thus, a change in one or more existing order sets.

Compliance with the new CoP requirement can readily be achieved by “going digital”.  Electronic order set authoring tools offer pre-defined templates populated with content drawn from medical reference databases that track the latest clinical advances. This streamlines creation of new order sets and maintenance of existing ones, which remain linked to the reference databases. Alerts are generated whenever new evidence or guidelines necessitate a protocol change and, in some cases, impacted order sets can be updated with a single click.

Order Set authoring tools are already being widely deployed in many hospitals seeking to achieve the Computerized Physician Order Entry (CPOE) requirements of Meaningful Use.  Hospitals that have joined new accountable care organizations are also leveraging these solutions to help promote evidence-based medicine in their care coordination efforts.  Medicare’s new CoP rule requiring evidence-based order sets offers CIOs and CMIOs with yet one more incentive to digitize the order set creation process.

August 13, 2012 I Written By

John Lynn is the Founder of the HealthcareScene.com blog network which currently consists of 15 blogs containing almost 6000 articles with John having written over 3000 of the articles himself. These EMR and Healthcare IT related articles have been viewed over 14 million times. John also manages Healthcare IT Central and Healthcare IT Today, the leading career Health IT job board and blog. John launched two new companies: InfluentialNetworks.com and Physia.com, and is an advisor to docBeat. John is highly involved in social media, and in addition to his blogs can also be found on Twitter: @techguy and @ehrandhit and Google Plus.