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Getting More Out of the EHR Than What You Put In

Posted on January 21, 2015 I Written By

John Lynn is the Founder of the HealthcareScene.com blog network which currently consists of 10 blogs containing over 8000 articles with John having written over 4000 of the articles himself. These EMR and Healthcare IT related articles have been viewed over 16 million times. John also manages Healthcare IT Central and Healthcare IT Today, the leading career Health IT job board and blog. John is co-founder of InfluentialNetworks.com and Physia.com. John is highly involved in social media, and in addition to his blogs can also be found on Twitter: @techguy and @ehrandhit and LinkedIn.

When I first met with Stoltenberg Consulting a few years back at CHIME, they said something really interesting that I’m still thinking about today. In fact, I might be thinking about this more today than I was doing before.

Per my notes (so I won’t make it a direct quote), they commented that doctors were putting a lot into the EHR, but they don’t feel like they’re getting a lot out of the EHR.

It’s a powerful idea that is really important for any hospital executive to understand.

I recently wrote about the choice between the Best-of-Breed EHR and the All-In-One EHR approaches on EMR and HIPAA. Here’s the money section:

The real decision these organizations are making is whether they want to put the burden on the IT staff (ie. supporting multiple EHRs) or whether they want to put the burden on the doctors (ie. using an EHR that doesn’t meet their needs). In large organizations, it seems that they’re making the decision to put the burden on the doctors as opposed to the IT staff. Although, I don’t think many organizations realize that this is the choice they’re making.

Choice of EHR is only one of the main reasons why doctors likely feel that they’re getting less out of the EHR than they’re putting into it. Certainly reimbursement requirements and meaningful use should still take a lot of the blame as well. Regardless of how we got here, it’s a very precarious position when the doctors feel like they’re getting less out of the EHR than they are putting into it.

There is a solution to this problem. First, you must work to maximize the physician workflow. Sometimes this means involving the nursing staff more. Sometimes this involves a scribe. Other times it requires a change to your EHR. Other times it means building out high quality templates that make the doctor more efficient.

Second, we must all focus on more ways doctors can get more value out of their EHR. The buzzword analytics has potential, but has been a little too much buzz word and not enough practical improvement for the doctor and patient. We need more advanced tools that leverage all the data a doctor’s putting in the EHR. Clinical Decision Support, Drug to Drug and Drug to Allergy checking are just the first steps. We can do so much more, but unfortunately we’ve been too distracted by government regulation to deal with them. Plus, let’s not kid around. These aren’t easy problems to solve. They take time and effort. Plus, we need a better way for doctors and hospitals to be able to diffuse their discoveries across the entire healthcare community. Sharing these discoveries is just too hard and too slow right now.
EHR Scale
At the end of the day, it’s a simple scale. On the one side you have the time and effort a doctor puts into the EHR. On the other side is the value the doctor gets from the EHR. You can solve this by making the doctor’s EHR work more efficient or by finding more ways the EHR can provide value to the doctor. Much easier said than done. However, if this stays out of balance too long, you can count on a big EHR backlash from doctors.

EMR Change Cuts Cardiac Telemetry Use Substantially

Posted on September 25, 2014 I Written By

Anne Zieger is veteran healthcare editor and analyst with 25 years of industry experience. Zieger formerly served as editor-in-chief of FierceHealthcare.com and her commentaries have appeared in dozens of international business publications, including Forbes, Business Week and Information Week. She has also contributed content to hundreds of healthcare and health IT organizations, including several Fortune 500 companies. She can be reached at @ziegerhealth or www.ziegerhealthcare.com.

Changing styles of medical practice can be really tough, even if major trade organization sticks its oar in to encourage new behavior from docs.

Such is the situation with cardiac telemetry, which is listed by the American Board of Internal Medicine Foundation as either unnecessary or overused in most cases. But a recent piece of research demonstrated that configuring an EMR to help doctors comply with the guideline can help hospitals lower needless cardiac monitoring substantially.

Often, it takes a very long time to get doctors to embrace new guidelines like these, despite pressure from payers, employers and even peers. (Physicians may turn on a dime and try out a new drug when the right pharmaceutical rep shows up, but that’s another story.) Doctors say they stick to their habits because of patient, institutional or personal preferences, as well as fear of lawsuits.

But according to a recent study appearing in JAMA Internal Medicine, reprogramming its Centricity EMR did the trick for Wilmington, Del.-based Christiana Care Health System.

To curb the use of cardiac telemetry that was unnecessary, Christiana Care removed the standard option for doctors to order cardiac monitoring outside of AHA guidelines, and required them to take an extra step to order this type of test.

Meanwhile, when the cardiac monitoring order did fall within AHA guidelines, Christiana Care added an AHA-recommended time frame for the monitoring. After that time passed, the EMR notified nurses to stop the monitoring or ask physicians if they believed it would be unsafe to stop.

The results were striking. After implementing the changes in the EMR, the health systems average daily not intensive care unit patients with cardiac monitoring fell by 70%. What’s more, Christiana Care’s average daily cost of administering  non-ICU cardiac monitoring held by 70%, from $18,971 to $5,772.

Christiana Care’s health IT presence is already well ahead of many hospitals — it’s reached Stage 6 of the HIMSS EMRAM scale — so it’s not surprising to see it leading the way in shaping physician behavior.

The question now is how the system builds on what it’s learned. Having survived a politically-sensitive transition without creating a revolution in its ranks, I’d argue the time is now to jump in and work on compliance with other clinical guidelines. With pressure mounting to deliver efficient care, it’d be smart to keep the ball rolling.

A Hospital CFO Perspective on EHR Expense

Posted on June 25, 2014 I Written By

John Lynn is the Founder of the HealthcareScene.com blog network which currently consists of 10 blogs containing over 8000 articles with John having written over 4000 of the articles himself. These EMR and Healthcare IT related articles have been viewed over 16 million times. John also manages Healthcare IT Central and Healthcare IT Today, the leading career Health IT job board and blog. John is co-founder of InfluentialNetworks.com and Physia.com. John is highly involved in social media, and in addition to his blogs can also be found on Twitter: @techguy and @ehrandhit and LinkedIn.

The past couple days I’ve been able to enjoy a couple days sitting down with hospital CFO’s at HFMA’s ANI conference in Las Vegas. I think this is the third time I’ve attended the event and it’s always a really interesting conference since hospital CFOs have a great financial perspective into the running of a hospital.

While at the big dinner celebration they had last night at the event, I asked a hospital CFO what she thought of the event and what she’d learned. She responded:

The sessions really helped me feel good about the small investments we’ve been making in population health and analytics. I think were going in the right direction.

Then she added this after thought that was telling:

Not to mention justifying the insane amount of money we’re spending on our EHR.

I think we’ve done a really poor job of explaining why the EHR is worth the investment. Let’s be honest though. Most of the EHR implementations haven’t been about leveraging the EHR to improve the organization. They’ve been focused on the meaningful use regulatory requirements, getting the EHR incentive money, and avoiding the EHR penalties.

Going forward we’re going to have to shift our thinking. We’re going to have to do a much better job justifying the EHR expense by showing the benefits an EHR provides a hospital organization.

Hospitals Don’t Prepare For Full Costs of EMR Installs

Posted on February 17, 2014 I Written By

Anne Zieger is veteran healthcare editor and analyst with 25 years of industry experience. Zieger formerly served as editor-in-chief of FierceHealthcare.com and her commentaries have appeared in dozens of international business publications, including Forbes, Business Week and Information Week. She has also contributed content to hundreds of healthcare and health IT organizations, including several Fortune 500 companies. She can be reached at @ziegerhealth or www.ziegerhealthcare.com.

A new study published in Medical News Today concludes that UK hospitals aren’t always taking into account the full costs of implementing new EMRs, and as a result, are not receiving the full benefits of these systems.

The study, which was published in the Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, evaluated the implementation of three EMRs — iSOFT’s Lorenzo Regional Care, Cerner’s Millenium and CSE’s RIO — across 12 diverse healthcare organizations in three regions of the UK and at different stages of implementing the systems.

Researchers also conducted 41 semi structured interviews with 36 hospital staff, members of the respective implementation teams, and those spearheading the implementation at a national level.

The research team found four overarching cost categories associated with implementing EMR system: infrastructure, personnel, facilities and other (such as training materials).

As might be expected, the hospitals involved spent their EMR budget in significantly different ways. For example some hospitals spend big on testing the software, while others spent large sums training clinicians and administrative staff to use the new system.

The hospitals also made significantly different decisions when it came to hiring new staff to cover for those who were in training. One hospital spent over $1.1 million to provide covering staff, while another spent no money at all to cover from for staff and training.

When all was said and done, hospitals were most likely to cut back on training and implementation costs. Meanwhile, hospitals were also likely to under budget for factors such as the need to back fill staff to the lost productivity, and the need to test the system due to inadequate vendor testing.

Stages, Rankings, and Other Vanity Metrics

Posted on November 18, 2013 I Written By

John Lynn is the Founder of the HealthcareScene.com blog network which currently consists of 10 blogs containing over 8000 articles with John having written over 4000 of the articles himself. These EMR and Healthcare IT related articles have been viewed over 16 million times. John also manages Healthcare IT Central and Healthcare IT Today, the leading career Health IT job board and blog. John is co-founder of InfluentialNetworks.com and Physia.com. John is highly involved in social media, and in addition to his blogs can also be found on Twitter: @techguy and @ehrandhit and LinkedIn.

It seems like we’re always getting bombarded with the latest and greatest list of hospitals and EHR vendors being ranked, classified or sorted into the various levels of IT adoption. The most famous are probably the HIMSS stages, KLAS rankings, and Most Wired Hospitals. While I’m like most of you and can’t resist glancing at them, every time I do I wonder what value those rankings and classifications really have when it comes to Health IT adoption.

In the startup world there’s a term that’s very popular called vanity metrics. I believe it was first made popular by Eric Ries in this post. The idea is simple. Organizations (and the press that cover them) love to publish big numbers for an organization, but do those metrics really have any meaning?

When I look at the various stages and ranking systems out there in healthcare IT, I wonder if they’re all just vanity metrics. The press loves to put a number on something or to classify an organization versus another one. However, does the stage or ranking really say anything about what really matters to a healthcare organization?

I haven’t done any specific research on things like the quality of care or the financial qualities of organizations across these stages and rankings. Maybe organizations that rank higher or have achieved a higher stage actually do provide better care and have better financials. Although, no doubt that research would have to also inspect the causal relationship between rankings and these results. However, I wonder if these rankings and classifications are really just vanity metrics.

I wonder if there are other metrics we could use to evaluate a healthcare organization. I think the results of such metrics would find every institution wanting in some areas and excelling in others. Stages and rankings don’t take this into account. However, I believe it’s the reality at every institution.

This actually reminds me of Farzad Mostashari’s comments about Healthcare’s Inability to “Step on a Scale” Today. As Farzad asserts, healthcare can’t “step on a scale” today and know how they’re doing. This is partially because the “scales” we’re using today aren’t measuring the right metrics. It’s like the scale is telling us that we’re 5’9″ and so we’re concluding we’re overweight. Although I expect that many might argue that the scale is blank and we’re concluding whatever we want to conclude.

I’d love to hear what metrics you think a healthcare organization should be measuring. Let’s hear your thoughts in the comments.

EHRs Can Generate Meaningful Return On Investment

Posted on September 27, 2013 I Written By

Anne Zieger is veteran healthcare editor and analyst with 25 years of industry experience. Zieger formerly served as editor-in-chief of FierceHealthcare.com and her commentaries have appeared in dozens of international business publications, including Forbes, Business Week and Information Week. She has also contributed content to hundreds of healthcare and health IT organizations, including several Fortune 500 companies. She can be reached at @ziegerhealth or www.ziegerhealthcare.com.

Well-implemented EMRs can certainly generate Meaningful Use incentive payoffs, but that’s far from the only way that they can help a practice generate return on their EHR investment.

According to “Return on Investment in EHRs,” a whitepaper sponsored by GBS, HP, Intel and Nextgen, properly implemented EHRs can do a great deal to generate ROI for medical practice above and beyond qualifying them for MU payoffs.

The paper notes that many practices have achieved a return on investment in their EHRs without receiving external incentives. As it points out, a Health Affairs study from 2005 found that while initial EHR costs averaged $44,000 per full-time equivalent, and ongoing costs averaged $8,500 per provider per year, the average practice paid for EHR costs in 2.5 years and generated a profit after that.

Eleven of the 14 practices studied by Health Affairs had “tightly integrated” EHR and practice management systems, a factor the paper contends was highly relevant to their success with their EHR implementation. Not only did providers use the EHR for common tasks, almost all used it to help with billing. Ten of the practices no longer pull paper charts at all, the study noted.

EHRs also improve efficiency and productivity in the following ways, the paper argues:

* More appropriate coding: Properly-designed EHRs help physicians with coding by displaying the appropriate code based on the documentation entered during a patient encounter. This avoids costly undercoding.

* Greater efficiency: The use of point-and-click templates lessens and in some cases eliminates transcription costs, which can be up to 11 percent of collections.

* Reduction in soft costs: Fully-enabled EHRs also remove many “soft costs” that practices occur, such as the time it takes to call in prescriptions. Also, once doctors learn how to use the EHR, they can complete most of the notes during or between patient visits, leaving them with time to either see more patients or go home earlier.

It’s great to think that medical practices can generate ROI on their EHR investment, but given that the sponsors of this paper have their own agenda, I’m not taking everything they say at face value. What do you think, readers? Have you seen situations in which practice EHRs generate significant ROI independently of what they take in in Meaningful Use dollars?

Wisconsin Prepares For Statewide HIE

Posted on September 3, 2013 I Written By

Anne Zieger is veteran healthcare editor and analyst with 25 years of industry experience. Zieger formerly served as editor-in-chief of FierceHealthcare.com and her commentaries have appeared in dozens of international business publications, including Forbes, Business Week and Information Week. She has also contributed content to hundreds of healthcare and health IT organizations, including several Fortune 500 companies. She can be reached at @ziegerhealth or www.ziegerhealthcare.com.

The state of Wisconsin is gearing up to kick off a statewide HIE network that would embrace hospitals, clinics, nursing homes and other care facilities, according to a piece appearing in the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel.

The network, known as the Wisconsin Statewide Health Information Network (WISHIN), is a private nonprofit organization. It expects to add several hospitals to its network this year, and most of the state’s major health systems have committed to participating over time. The health systems and other providers who participate in WISHIN will pay an annual subscription fee based on their size.

WISHIN expects to make a wide variety of information available securely to providers, including problem lists, prescriptions, radiology reports, physician notes and test results, the newspaper notes.

WISHIN will replace the Milwaukee area’s Wisconsin Health Information Exchange, a network which was formed in 2008 and included 13 hospitals in the area. The WHIE was shut down after the region’s health systems decided that being part of a statewide network would be more efficient than relying on a local organization.

WISHIN was created in December 2010, funded by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. Initial planning for the network was done by a body overseen by the state’s Department of Health.

Since then, WISHIN brought in Medicity Inc. to handle the design of the network. Medicity, which is owned by Aetna, is building HIEs in several states.

In kicking off its network, WISHIN is joining a rapidly-growing community of hospitals who have embraced HIEs. In fact, a recent study appearing in the journal Health Affairs concluded that health data exchanges between hospitals and other healthcare providers have climbed 41 percent between 2008 and 2012.

And WISHIN is one of a growing number of statewide efforts. For example, New Jersey’s State Department of Health just awarded $1.57 million to a coalition of HIE group to help them kick off a statewide HIE there.

What’s not clear, from the description of either HIE, is how they’re going to sustain their efforts over the medium and long term;  subscription-model based HIEs have failed in the past and, unless something new is afoot, are likely to fail again.  Let’s see if the ROI is enough to satisfy hospitals and providers this time around.

Hospital IT Investment Shoots Up

Posted on August 26, 2013 I Written By

Anne Zieger is veteran healthcare editor and analyst with 25 years of industry experience. Zieger formerly served as editor-in-chief of FierceHealthcare.com and her commentaries have appeared in dozens of international business publications, including Forbes, Business Week and Information Week. She has also contributed content to hundreds of healthcare and health IT organizations, including several Fortune 500 companies. She can be reached at @ziegerhealth or www.ziegerhealthcare.com.

Struggling to keep up with the demands of Meaningful Use and ICD-10, hospitals are investing a disproportionate amount of money in health IT, according to a story appearing in Healthcare IT News.

It’s not that hospitals have been on an overall spending spree. Capital investment for medical equipment overall (including non-IT technology) dropped from 30.4 percent to 27 percent in 2013, while medical equipment costs fell from 44.5 percent to 13.8 percent, according to Advisory Board Company figures.

But capital spending per bed for IT grew 62 percent between 2010 and 2011, while total capital spending grew only 2.6 percent, according to Chantal Worzala, director of policy at the American Hospital Association, who spoke with the publication.

What makes these big-dollar investments particularly galling is that CIOs aren’t sure whether all of this IT spending is going to produce a return on investment, according to Healthcare IT News. According to a January 2013 survey by Beacon Partners of more than 200 hospital CIOs, only 40 percent of them measure ROI on EMRs implemened, and even less (36 percent) are confident that their ROI calculations are accurate.

That being said, many CIOs have taken the position that ROI is less important than “strategy enablement,” according to Jim Adams, executive director of research and insights at the Advisory Board Company, who spoke with the magazine.

One key purpose for making these investments is to make sure they have the right infrastructure in place to shift from fee-for-service to accountable care, Adams said. Added IT infrastructure is being  used to prepare to manage the greater financial risk hospitals will be facing under ACO-type models, he suggested.  And at least some of these dollars are being spent on EMR optimization which can help meet that goal.

Another major area of spending within health IT is data security, including mobile device management software to support BYOD, data loss prevention tools and encryption software, HIN reports.

We should know pretty soon whether hospitals made the right IT bets, as the forces pushing them to spend are cresting. But if they find that they need to rethink their strategy, let’s hope they didn’t bet the farm on what they have;  as my colleague John points out, there’s a myth floating around out there that the more expensive an EMR is, the better it is.

Only 40% of Hospital CIO’s measure ROI on Their EMR Implementations

Posted on August 21, 2013 I Written By

John Lynn is the Founder of the HealthcareScene.com blog network which currently consists of 10 blogs containing over 8000 articles with John having written over 4000 of the articles himself. These EMR and Healthcare IT related articles have been viewed over 16 million times. John also manages Healthcare IT Central and Healthcare IT Today, the leading career Health IT job board and blog. John is co-founder of InfluentialNetworks.com and Physia.com. John is highly involved in social media, and in addition to his blogs can also be found on Twitter: @techguy and @ehrandhit and LinkedIn.

Today, I stumbled upon this fascinating tweet about hospital EMR ROI. It’s from @dbtech_Ras:

Unfortunately the tweet doesn’t contain the source of their information, but the idea of EMR ROI is a very interesting and important topic. Should a hospital CIO be tracking the ROI of their EMR implementation? Are most hospital CIO’s tracking EMR ROI?

I would imagine many hospital CIOs aren’t tracking EMR ROI, because they see EMR as a necessary requirement of being a hospital today. Do they track the ROI of cleaning supplies? No. They just realize they need them and they try to manage the cost of the supplies as best they can. I think many are treating EMR in this same manner. They see EMR as a necessity regardless of ROI.

The interesting thing is that there are actually a lot of ways to measure an ROI for EMR software. None of them are perfect and they certainly leave out all the intangibles and long term benefits of EMR. For example, how do you measure an ROI on legibility of charts? That’s tough. It’s also hard to predict how having your charts electronic will enable you to be a better hospital 5-10 years from now. Not to mention if reimbursement eventually will require an EMR. Things like this will happen I’m sure.

With those disclaimers, you still can calculate an ROI. The low hanging fruit is the EHR incentive money and the future EHR penalties for not having an EHR. These add up to really large numbers for hospitals. You can also look at productivity before and after the EHR. Of course, depending on how you implement the EMR, this could actually be a cost of EHR as opposed to a benefit. Either way it should be calculated in the ROI. There are many more.

From what I’ve seen everyone sees the future of physician documentation is going to be in an EMR. Just because the move to EMR is inevitable doesn’t mean you shouldn’t still keep focused on the ROI you can receive from it.

Is your hospital tracking your EHR ROI?

EMR Analytics Reduce Cardiac Readmissions

Posted on August 6, 2013 I Written By

Anne Zieger is veteran healthcare editor and analyst with 25 years of industry experience. Zieger formerly served as editor-in-chief of FierceHealthcare.com and her commentaries have appeared in dozens of international business publications, including Forbes, Business Week and Information Week. She has also contributed content to hundreds of healthcare and health IT organizations, including several Fortune 500 companies. She can be reached at @ziegerhealth or www.ziegerhealthcare.com.

A new study has concluded that EMRs can help reduce hospital readmissions of high-risk heart failure patients, according to a report in Modern Healthcare.

The study, which appeared in BMJ Quality & Safety, looked at more than 1,700 adult inpatients who had been diagnosed with heart failure, myocardial infarction and pneumonia over a two-year period at Dallas-based Parkland Memorial Hospital.

Researchers first used an EMR-based software package to sort high-risk from low-risk heart failure patients. The EMR analytics software drew on 29 clinical, social and behavioral factors within 24 hours of a patient’s admission for heart failure.

Using this tool, researchers were able to cut readmission rates for the studied patients by from 26.2 percent to 21.2 percent, according to EHR Intelligence. Not only that, hospitals were able to shift resources to patients at highest risk while they were still in the hospital.

As we who work in and around health IT know, reducing readmissions through better data analysis is something of an obvious move.  EMR users may not yet have the predictive analytics in place to make this happen, but I think solutions will be coming to the marketplace, and soon.

That being said, it could be a while before such solutions reach their full potential. After all, predicting patient needs is more likely to work if hospitals and health systems integrated EMRs with community medical practices, and we all know how challenging this is still.

Perhaps the work of building robust predictive analytics systems can begin in earnest in situations where the hospital owns the medical practice and both use the same system. But even in those cases, hospitals will still be treating patients seen by community practices outside of their organization.

Bottom line, this study is an interesting look at the possibilities of mining EMR data for direct patient care improvement. Let’s see how many more projects of this kind hit the news this year.